Although June has passed and National Rose Month is behind us, many of our customers arrive home from the nursery with a wide variety of potted roses. Others may have ordered bare root roses online or through mail order. But whatever the case may be, a question we always receive is “What steps can I take to ensure that my plant will bloom the most beautifully?”
The prospect of growing roses may seem intimidating, and many of you have heard the horror stories of roses having problems with insects, diseases, and other issues. However, Clair G. Martin, author of the book “100 English Roses for the American Garden” states that “While problems do exist, they are, for the most part, cosmetic and easily overcome with basic horticultural practices”.
Below we’ll give you step by step instructions to planting your roses in order to fortify your knowledge of growing these truly one-of-a-kind plants, and hopefully answer any questions you may have.
Soak the roots and stems. Dry root roses should be submerged for 24 hours to hydrate the tissue of the roots and stems. Potted roses (pot and woody trunk) should be submerged for two hours. Remember, roses love water and plenty of it at the time of planting will greatly strengthen the plant.
Prune dead wood and damaged stems. Cut out any damaged or dead portion of each plant with sharp pruning shears. Always cut on an angle. This is not the time to perform selective pruning to force blooms. That will be done next spring.
Prepare the hole for planting. For potted roses, cut the entire bottom from the biodegradable container and dig a hole that is three inches wider and deeper than the pot. Prepare a mixtureof rose garden soil of either 50% soil & 50% bone meal, or one part potting soil, one part compost, one part bagged manure. Place three inches of the mixture in the bottom of the hole. Place the pot in the hole. Backfill with soil mixture you created. For dry root roses, dig a hole that is twice the distance across the roots. The depth of the hole should be three inches greater than the distance from the bud union to bottom of roots. Place three inches of the soil mixture in the bottom of the hole. Hold the plant in the hole and backfill with the remainder of the mixture. Whether you roots were dry or potted, your soil line should be one inch higher the bud union.
The Philadelphia Rose Society states that “The most important thing roses need is water”. Create a shallow moat near the perimeter of your hole and fill it with water. Allow the water to seep, then repeat three times. At this point, you cannot overwater your rose.
You will notice that much of your soil mixture has settled and likely exposed your bud union. Replenish with the soil mixture if settlement was two inches or more. Cover the soil with three to four inches of mulch, mounding at the perimeter of the plant to create a moat so less water runs away from the plant.
Fill your moat with water daily. After the roots are established (about three weeks) you can move your watering schedule to three times a week. Water daily during hot days or periods of drought in the growing season.
Fertilize your roses with any commercially available rose food. Follow the dosage instructions carefully.
Living rose plants work well in mixed plant baskets, and many other beautiful arrangements you could create at home by planting your own rose bushes. For more information on planting and caring for roses, feel free to reach out to us online! You may also wish to visit the American Rose Society for an in-depth look at things like winter care, common pests for roses, and much more to give you the best growing experience possible! These beautiful flowers are as iconic as they are beautiful, and growing them is truly a joy.
Roses are the most popular of all cut flowers sold in the U.S. The American love affair with roses began in colonial times and has grown through the centuries. Now florists sell hundreds of different varieties of hybrid tea roses, mostly imported from South America. Although roses are familiar, their proper care is not.
Follow these simple steps to prolong the vase life of your cut roses:
Fill a clean, deep vase with warm water and add the flower food obtained from your florist. Be sure to follow the directions on the package.
Remove leaves that will be below the waterline. Leaves in water will promote bacterial growth.
Select a sharp knife. Do not use shears to cut stems because they usually pinch the vessels closed.
Recut stems underwater, this will prevent air from entering the stem. Place the flowers in the vase solution you’ve prepared.
Change the water and recut stems daily. This will keep the end of the stems free of debris that blocks water flow.
Display your roses away from direct sunlight and warm or cold drafts.
You can revive a wilted rose by cutting the stem and submerging the entire rose in hot water for about 30 minutes. Remember to always cut stems under clean water.
Proper care can often double the vase life of roses. Remember, once the roses are cut they begin to die. The enjoyment you receive from those roses, depends on how long you can delay their death. The steps listed above simply maximize the amount of water the reaches the bloom. This delays dehydration and death.
If you have any further question in regards to the care of roses, or caring for any other plant, please contact us with any questions you may have! You may also wish to refer to the American Rose Society’s website for more information on care of roses and the rose growing community!
Wedding season is in full bloom! But as that special day draws ever closer, how’s your flower hunt going? With so many choices, discerning your own botanical preferences can seem like a dizzying prospect. Fortunately, Plaza Flowers knows its way around the shifting sands of the latest in wedding décor. Read more →
Norristown, PA – May 28, 2015 – Today marks the beginning of an exciting merge of two local florists in Norristown; Plaza Flowers on Egypt Road and Anna Catanese Flower Shop on DeKalb Street. Both shops have endured for generations, giving customers high-quality products for decades, but only Anna Catanese Flower Shop enters their hundredth year as the oldest florist in Norristown, Montgomery County. Both shops plan to bring their valuable wisdom and loyal clientele together to forge a bond that will propel them forward for generations to come.
Chris Drummond & Heather Tuckey, Owners of Plaza Flowers
In order to understand how a business becomes ingrained so deeply into the heritage of a community, we must first investigate the origin of this proud business and the individuals who began it.
First florist at 321 DeKalb, only 9 feet wide!
Domenic Catanese immigrated to the U.S. in 1888. Shortly thereafter, he began growing fruits, vegetables, and flowers on his eleven-acre farm on Tremont Street in Norristown. Around 1900, he opened 20th Century Florist and Seed at 321 DeKalb Street to sell his produce and seeds. Flower sales were slow at first but grew quickly, leading to the addition floral design and delivery services around 1910. In 1915, Domenic’s daughter-in-law & floral designer, Anna, purchased the store with a $3500 loan from neighboring businesswomen. She then employed three of her family to help make the Flower Shop a success. Read more →
Whether your mom is traditional, cutting-edge or free-spirited and whimsical, you can’t go wrong getting her flowers for Mother’s Day. But if you aren’t sure which flowers mom will like best, we here at Plaza Flowers devised a few ways to help you decide on the best flowers for Mother’s Day based on your mom’s personal style.
Frosts are finished and it’s time for prosperity again. But the sheer number of beautiful blooms should make us all stop in our tracks to ask what to plant in May. If you’re at a loss over what seeds to plant, consider these can’t-miss classics. Equal parts lush and temperate, there’s something on this list for everyone.
“Every flower is a soul blossoming in nature.” ― Gérard de Nerval
Your high school prom is a highly anticipated evening that requires a lot of planning. What type of dress is best for me? What color? How will I style my hair? What jewelry to wear? Where will we take photos? What about a limousine? Post-prom party? All of these questions need to be answered, plus you must address the floral details. So now you’re more stressed than ever. No worries. Here are my top 10 tips from Plaza Flowers to simplify your prom flower selection. Read more →
My family has been buying and selling flowers for three generations. I have very fond memories of learning about flowers, and how to buy them, from my grandfather. He began buying flowers on Ludlow Street in Philadelphia prior to World War II. Back then, all buying was done in person. Wholesale buyers visited the market and hand selected many of the flowers. When I learned to buy as a teenager, I often hand-selected many of the flowers that we would sell at Plaza Flowers. Read more →